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Mastering the Art of Baking: A Comprehensive Guide to Different Types of Flour and Their Uses

by Emily Brown 22 Sep 2022

Blog Header Image for Working With Flour Comprehensive Guide

There are many types of flour available, each with its own unique properties and uses. Here is a comprehensive guide to some of the most common types of flour and their uses:

All-Purpose Flour: All-purpose flour, also known as "plain flour," is a blend of hard and soft wheat and is the most commonly used flour. It can be used for a variety of baked goods, including cakes, cookies, bread, and pastries. It has a medium protein content of about 10-12%.

Bread Flour: Bread flour has a higher protein content (12-14%) than all-purpose flour, which gives it more strength and structure. It is often used for yeast breads, as the higher protein content helps the dough to rise and hold its shape.

Whole Wheat Flour: Whole wheat flour is made from the entire wheat grain, including the bran and the germ. It has a higher fiber content and a nuttier flavor than all-purpose flour. It can be used in a variety of baked goods, but it may produce a denser texture due to its high fiber content.

Pastry Flour: Pastry flour has a lower protein content (8-9%) than all-purpose flour and is often used for delicate pastries, such as pie crusts and tarts. It creates a tender and crumbly texture.

Cake Flour: Cake flour has the lowest protein content (6-8%) of all the flours and is used for cakes, cookies, and other baked goods where a tender, delicate texture is desired. It is often combined with other ingredients, such as cornstarch, to give baked goods a softer, more velvety texture.

Self-Rising Flour: Self-rising flour is a combination of all-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt. It is often used for quick breads and other baked goods that do not require yeast.

Semolina Flour: Semolina flour is made from durum wheat and has a high protein content (13-14%). It is often used to make pasta and couscous, as well as some breads.

Corn Flour: Corn flour is made from ground corn and has a fine, powdery texture. It is often used in cornbread, tortillas, and other dishes where a corn flavor is desired.

Almond Flour: Almond flour is made from ground almonds and has a nutty flavor. It is often used in gluten-free and low-carb baked goods, as well as in dishes where a nutty flavor is desired.

Coconut Flour: Coconut flour is made from ground coconut and is high in fiber and protein. It is often used in gluten-free and low-carb baked goods, as well as in dishes where a coconut flavor is desired.

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